top of page

Exploring the Science of Neurofeedback

A young woman thinking while standing in front of a colorful brain sketch.

In recent years, the mental health field has witnessed significant advancements, one of which is the introduction of neurofeedback therapy. This innovative approach has garnered attention for its effectiveness in addressing various mental health conditions by harnessing the power of the brain's ability to regulate itself.

But what exactly is neurofeedback, and how does it work? Let's discuss the science behind this remarkable therapy.

The Mechanics of Neurofeedback

Neurofeedback, also known as EEG biofeedback or neurotherapy, is a non-invasive technique that aims to train the brain to function more efficiently. It involves monitoring the brain's electrical activity, known as electroencephalography (EEG), and providing real-time feedback to the individual in the form of auditory or visual cues. Through this process, individuals learn to regulate their brainwaves, leading to improvements in cognitive function, emotional regulation, and overall well-being.

How Neurofeedback Works

The brain operates through electrical impulses generated by millions of neurons communicating with each other. These electrical signals, or brainwaves, can be categorized into different frequencies, each associated with specific mental states and functions. For instance, beta waves are linked to alertness and concentration, while theta waves are associated with relaxation and creativity.

The Process of Neurofeedback Sessions

During a neurofeedback session, sensors are placed on the scalp to detect the brain's electrical activity. This information is then fed into a computer system, which processes the data and provides feedback to the individual in real time. Through specialized software, the individual is presented with audio or visual stimuli that reflect their current brainwave patterns. For example, if the desired brainwave frequency is achieved, the individual may hear pleasant sounds or see images on a screen.

The Mechanism of Change

Through repeated sessions, individuals learn to recognize and modulate their brainwave patterns, improving various areas of functioning. Research has shown neurofeedback to be effective in treating a wide range of conditions, including attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), anxiety, depression, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and insomnia.

The Effectiveness and Benefits

But why does neurofeedback work? The underlying principle is rooted in the brain's neuroplasticity – its ability to reorganize and adapt to experiences and stimuli. By providing real-time feedback, neurofeedback helps individuals develop new neural pathways and optimize existing ones, leading to improved brain function and symptom relief.

Moreover, neurofeedback addresses the underlying imbalance in brain activity that is related to mental health issues. For instance, individuals with ADHD often exhibit excessive theta activity and decreased beta activity in certain brain regions. Through neurofeedback training, these individuals can learn to increase beta activity and decrease theta activity, leading to improvements in attention, focus, and impulse control.


Neurofeedback is a promising therapy that uses the brain's ability to regulate itself. It helps people improve cognitive function, emotional regulation, and overall well-being by providing real-time feedback and targeting underlying disturbances in regulation. Its effectiveness, coupled with its non-invasive nature, makes it a valuable addition to the field of mental health treatment.

If you're curious about how neurofeedback can benefit you or a loved one, don't hesitate to reach out to Barcelona Counseling. Our experienced therapists specialize in neurofeedback therapy and are dedicated to helping you achieve optimal mental health and well-being.

Call us today at 503-376-9520 to schedule a consultation and take the first step towards a healthier, happier life.



bottom of page